South Sudan

South Sudan became the world’s newest nation and Africa’s 55th country on July 9, 2011. Renewed conflicts in December 2013 and July 2016 have undermined the development gains achieved since independence and worsened the humanitarian situation.

However, the gradual implementation of the September 2018 peace agreement, including the formation of the unity government in February 2020 and agreement on the number of states, provides hope for a more positive economic situation.

While independence was achieved through great sacrifice, there is still insecurity in many parts of the country, with resulting armed struggles which have continued to drag the country into its current and third civil warMany people have had to flee from their homes in their search for safety, families have been destabilised following the death of key breadwinners. This has in turn left behind a generation of fatherless/motherless children and youth with no one to direct them on a clear life path.

The corruption index of South Sudan is one of the lowest in the world, with a score of 12/100. The main types of corruption include bureaucratic corruption, patronage, political corruption, and embezzlement, mainly in the sectors of extractives, public financial management, and police and security forces.

Almost 4 million people remain displaced by the humanitarian crisis, with nearly 1.6 million people displaced internally and some 2.26 million refugees in six neighbouring countries. Women and children continue to be the most affected (2020).

Intervention implemented include:

Bonga and Vocational Skills training continue to be a major focus because the communities place less importance on girl education.  It also equips the many idle adolescent girls and boys with basic literacy, numeracy, life, and vocational skills so that they can become responsible citizens who are able to fend for themselves. 

The Community Managed Saving groups (CMSG) programme focuses on helping people set up stable income- generating activities with an element of food security in order to boost their welfare. This will be for both the refugees and those living in the host communities. SF has programmes reaching out to the refugee communities and their host communities in the West Nile region in Uganda and other regions in which they have settled.

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Programme: There are many more children in the IDP camps than the provided schools have the capacity to admit. The ECD programme is integrated with nutrition and health programmes to curb the high incidence of nutritional related diseases.


Read more: